Corinne Burzichelli writes:
The issue of the exempt status of financial services employees has been explored in numerous cases for many years and in different parts of the country. Now, there is a new chapter to add to this saga. On February 28, 2017, Judge William J. Martini granted Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC’s motion for summary judgment, dismissing financial advisers’ claims that they were entitled to overtime under the FLSA and New Jersey law. The case is entitled In re: Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC Wage And Hour Litigation and was filed in federal court in the District of New Jersey.
The plaintiffs, consolidated from four cases originating in New Jersey, New York, Connecticut and Rhode Island, alleged that Morgan Stanley failed to pay overtime in violation of the FLSA. The named plaintiff, Nick Pontilena, additionally claimed that Morgan Stanley violated New Jersey law by not paying him required overtime, making improper wage deductions, and failing to maintain required pay records.
The court rejected these claims and concluded that financial advisers were exempt from overtime under the FLSA. The Court concluded that the administrative exemption applied. This is significant because many courts have rejected the identical defendant contentions/defenses.
Judge Martini determined that financial advisers met this standard by reviewing the USDOL regulations and case law directly addressing financial advisers as opposed to DOL guidance on mortgage loan officers. Indeed, the Court chose to follow precedent from the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the Northern District of California, and deferred to a 2006 DOL letter, all of which found that financial advisers were exempt from the FLSA.
Specifically, the Court agreed with the regulations and concluded that the financial advisers satisfied the administrative exemption because they primarily offered advice and analyzed client information in an independent manner and were not focused solely on making “sales. That is a very momentous decision because the decisions that have gone the other way have found that these employees’ main job duty was selling.
Employers in the financial services industry who are hit with these suits must focus on the analysis, rather than the selling, job duties of the employees. If a court believes that the “sale” is the ultimate driving force for the employees’ work, they will be found to be non-exempt. At least in New Jersey, financial advisers will be exempt from the FLSA. Let’s now see if this trend carries through to other Circuits in the country.
Hopefully, it will…
Corinne Burzichelli is an associate in the Labor & Employment Department of Fox Rothschild LLP, resident in its Princeton office.