A federal judge has ruled that a dispatcher, who was suing as the named plaintiff in a FLSA collective action seeking overtime, was not able to prove that he was “similarly situated” to other employees and this the judge refused to grant even the conditional certification necessary to keep the case going. The case is entitled Landry v Peter Pan Bus Lines and is being litigated in the District of Massachusetts.
Although dismissed, the case raises the specter of the exempt status of dispatchers in the trucking and bus industry. I believe this is a pervasive issue/problem for this industry, as many trucking and bus employers classify their dispatchers as exempt from overtime, believing that they are part of “management.”
Although, in a real-world sense, these important employees are part of the management “team,” under the FLSA exemption regulations, they must meet certain criteria. If they do not meet the criteria, both work duties and salary minimums, they are non-exempt and overtime eligible, notwithstanding their importance to the transportation operations.
The plaintiff had alleged that his job did not require the exercise of independent judgment, which is the hallmark of the administrative exemption, nor that he performed any “managerial responsibilities,” which impacts upon both the executive and administrative exemptions. These theories were never tested, as the plaintiff sought to secure class certification too early, before any discovery had been taken. If the case was re-filed with another lead plaintiff and the plaintiff’s lawyers were a littler more patient, i.e. allowing for a period of discovery, the case might have turned out differently.
Employers in the transportation industry should pay special attention to the job duties of their dispatchers. If the employer concludes that these employees are currently non-exempt, it is possible to enhance their job duties so that they evolve into exempt employees. Another possibility is that the dispatchers may fit within the motor carrier exemption, but they must affect safety for this exemption, rather than simply dispatch vehicles.
In any event, the time to analyze the dispatcher exemption issue is now, before the threat of a lawsuit looms.